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Shah Muhammad (992–1072/1584–1661)

Oliver Leaman

Oliver Leaman is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Kentucky, USA. He is the author and editor of books on Islamic philosophy and philosophy in general. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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...Shah Muhammad Shah Muhammad ibn ‘Abd Ahmad was born in Arkasa, in Badakhshan, and spent his first two decades there. He then moved to Balkh and Kabul in search of a shaykh, ending up in Lahore in 1023/1614–15, when he met and was impressed...

Ibn Al-Daya, Ahmad Ibn Yusuf (third/ninth century)

Oliver Leaman

Oliver Leaman is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Kentucky, USA. He is the author and editor of books on Islamic philosophy and philosophy in general. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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...Ahmad ibn Yusuf ibn Ibrahim Abu Ja‘far came from an important political family based in Baghdad that later moved to Fustat in Cairo when their fortunes went into something of a decline. Ibn al-Daya worked on astronomy and philosophy. Few...

Ibn Abi Usaybi‘a, Muwaffaq al-Din (c. 590–668/c. 1194–1270)

Oliver Leaman

Oliver Leaman is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Kentucky, USA. He is the author and editor of books on Islamic philosophy and philosophy in general. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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...Muwaffaq al-Din Abu al-‘Abbas Ahmad ibn Abi Usaybi‘a was a physician based in Damascus, and also in Cairo. He wrote an important text, the ‘Uyun al-anba’, a compilation of 380 biographies of Islamic and classical physicians...

Hadith

Oliver Leaman

Oliver Leaman is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Kentucky, USA. He is the author and editor of books on Islamic philosophy and philosophy in general. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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3

... the ages.”Bibliography Further Reading Nasr Seyyed Hossein , “The Qur’an and Hadith as Sources and Inspiration of Islamic Philosophy” in S. H. Nasr and O. Leaman (eds), History of Islamic Philosophy, ch. 2, London : Routledge, 1996, pp. 27–39 . Netton Ian Richard , Allah Transcendent, London : Routledge, 1989....

Hikma

Oliver Leaman

Oliver Leaman is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Kentucky, USA. He is the author and editor of books on Islamic philosophy and philosophy in general. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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2

...The Arabic term hikma literally means wisdom. In terms of Islamic philosophy, the usual connotation is the knowledge of first principles, that is, of God. True wisdom brings one closer to God and to a true understanding of the world...

Al-Shirazi, Qutb al-Din (634–710/1236–1311)

Oliver Leaman

Oliver Leaman is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Kentucky, USA. He is the author and editor of books on Islamic philosophy and philosophy in general. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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3

... commentators. ibn SinaBibliography Further Reading Cooper J. , “From al-Tusi to the School of Isfahan,” in S. H. Nasr and O. Leaman (eds), History of Islamic Philosophy, ch. 33, London : Routledge, 1996, pp. 585–96 . Walbridge J. , The Science...

Mir Fath Allah Shirazi (d. 998/1590)

Oliver Leaman

Oliver Leaman is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Kentucky, USA. He is the author and editor of books on Islamic philosophy and philosophy in general. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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... important commentaries on many of their works.Bibliography Further Reading Khan A. , “India,” in S. H. Nasr and O. Leaman (eds), History of Islamic Philosophy, ch. 62, London : Routledge, 1996, pp. 1051–75 ....

Ibn Al-‘Arif, Abu’l ‘Abbas Ahmad (481–536/1088–1141)

Oliver Leaman

Oliver Leaman is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Kentucky, USA. He is the author and editor of books on Islamic philosophy and philosophy in general. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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2

...Abu’l ‘Abbas Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Musa ibn ‘Ata’ Allah al-Sahaj ibn al-‘Arif ibn al-‘Arif was born on 2 Jumada al-Awwal 481/Monday July 24, 1088, dying in Marrakesh on 23 Safar 536/September 27, 1141. His laqab comes from his father, who...

Al-Marwazi, al-Husayn ibn ‘Ali (d. after 306/918)

Oliver Leaman

Oliver Leaman is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Kentucky, USA. He is the author and editor of books on Islamic philosophy and philosophy in general. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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...Suhrawardi, Shihab al-Din al-Marwazi, Al-Husayn ibn ‘Ali al-Mardini, Fakhraddin ibn Sina al-Balkhi, Abu Zayd The amir al-Husayn ibn ‘Ali al-Marwazi was a powerful supporter of the Isma‘ili movement, and he eventually became the chief da‘i...

Al-Fuwati, Hisham ibn ‘Amr (third/ninth century)

Oliver Leaman

Oliver Leaman is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Kentucky, USA. He is the author and editor of books on Islamic philosophy and philosophy in general. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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...Hisham ibn ‘Amr al-Fuwati, a Mu‘tazilite thinker attached to the Basra school, died in Baghdad before 230/845. He was a student of Abu’l al-Hudhayl , whom he nonetheless criticized in some of his work. He was an Arab, and apparently well...