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...Abu Yusuf Ya‘qub b. Ishaq al-Kindi, known as the philosopher of the Arabs, was born around the beginning of the ninth century, probably in 185/801, and died in 252/866 in Baghdad. Al-Kindi’s origins were probably in the famous south Arabian...
...Abu Bakr ‘Abd al-Rahman b. Kisan, known as al-Asamm al-Asamm, the deaf, was a well-known judge and theologian. The date of his birth is unknown but he died in 200–1/816–17. Although he is usually regarded as a Mu‘tazilite, the biographers...
...Al-Nazzam, Ibrahim b. Sayar b. Hani’, was known as Nazzam because of his talent for writing poetry. The details of his life are given neither by Mu‘tazilite biographers nor by his opponents. However, from what is given about him...
...Abu al-Qasim al-Junayd was born and brought up in Baghdad, where his ancestors had emigrated from the Persian province of Suhrawardi, Shihab al-Din al-Muhasibi, Abu ‘Abdillah ibn al-‘Arabi, Muhyiddin al-Hallaj, Abu al-Mughith al-Husayn...
...Jahm ibn Safwan Jahm ibn Safwan, also known as Abu Mihriz, an early theologian and politician, was born in Khurasan. The year of his birth al-Tabari, Muhammad ibn Jabir al-Jahiz ibn Taymiyya ibn Hanbal, Ahmad is not known, but he...
...Abu Sahl Bishr b. al-Mu‘tamir al-Hilali was born in either Baghdad or al-Kufa or al-Basra. The date of his birth is unknown but he died at an advanced age in the year 210/825. He was the leader and founder of the Baghdadi Mu‘tazilites...
...Abu ‘Abd Allah Harith b. Asad al-‘Anazi al-Muhasibi was born in Basra about 165/781 and died in Baghdad around 243/857. He was a famous Shafi‘i legist and theologian, but was first and foremost a major philosopher-mystic of the formative...
...Wasil ibn ‘Ata’, also known as al-Ghazzal, was born probably around the year 80/699 and died in 131/748. He was a famous khatib (preacher) and theologian and is considered by the Mu‘tazilite biographers to be the founder of the Mu‘tazilite...
...Abu al-Mughith al-Husayn b. Mansur al-Hallaj, a famous mystic, was born in Tur, to the northeast of al-Bayda in Fars, in about 244/857–8, the son of a wool carder. He died in Baghdad 309/922. When the boy was still young, the father left...