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...The author of the renowned work al-Insan al-kamil (The Universal Man), ‘Abd al-Karim b. Ibrahim al-Jili, was born in Jil, Baghdad, and became a well-known name in much of the Islamic world from Turkey to Indonesia. Little is known of his...

Al-Iji, ‘Adud al-Din (c.700–756/c.1300–55)

Oliver Leaman

Oliver Leaman is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Kentucky, USA. He is the author and editor of books on Islamic philosophy and philosophy in general. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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...‘Adud al-Din al-Iji al-Iji was born at Ij, near Shiraz, where he served as qadi and teacher. His main work was on kalam , Islamic theology, and his efforts here are noted for their systematization of the genre. Al-Iji produced a commentary...
...Athir al-Din al-Abhari Athir al-Din al-Abhari, an Islamic scholar of the seventh/thirteenth century, was born in the city of Mosul sometime around the year 597/1200. Scant biographical details of his life are known, except that he did study...
...Abu Yusuf Ya‘qub b. Ishaq al-Kindi, known as the philosopher of the Arabs, was born around the beginning of the ninth century, probably in 185/801, and died in 252/866 in Baghdad. Al-Kindi’s origins were probably in the famous south Arabian...
...Abu Sa‘id al-Hasan b.243 al-Sirafi al-Sirafi studied in his hometown Siraf and then in Uman, Askar, and finally Baghdad. Al-Sirafi studied Islamic law with Abu ‘Abd Allah Muhammad b. ‘Umar al-Saymari (d. 315/927), Arabic grammar with Abu...
...Abu’l Hasan ‘Ali b. Muhammad was born in Basra in 364/974 and died in Baghdad on 30 Rabi al-Awwal 450/May 27, 1058. He was an important faqih (legal thinker) in the Shafi‘ite tradition and a famous political theorist and moral thinker...

Al-Idrisi (493–c.555/1099–c.1162)

Oliver Leaman

Oliver Leaman is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Kentucky, USA. He is the author and editor of books on Islamic philosophy and philosophy in general. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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...Abu ‘Abdallah Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Abdallah ibn Idris al-Qurtubi al-Hasani was born in Ceuta, Spain, in 1099 and educated in Cordoba. He was something of an itinerant scholar, ending up at the Norman court in Palermo, Sicily. He died...

Al-Shirazi, Qutb al-Din (634–710/1236–1311)

Oliver Leaman

Oliver Leaman is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Kentucky, USA. He is the author and editor of books on Islamic philosophy and philosophy in general. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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...Qutb al-Din al-Shirazi received a philosophical education in which he worked with the outstanding thinkers of his time.239 Ibn Sina with Nasir al-Din al-Tusi and Dabiran Katibi, and so had a solid background in Peripatetic thought. Through...
...Abu ‘Abdullah Shamsuddin Muhammad b. Abi Bakr b. Ayyub al-Zurai was born in Damascus on 7 Safar 691/January 29, 1292 and died at the same city on 13 Rajab 751/September 16, 1350. He was an important figure in the Hanbali tradition of Sunni...
...Fenari, Molla The first Ottoman shaykh al-Islam and the famous Sufi author Muhammad ibn Hamza ibn Muhammad ibn Muhammad Shams al-Din Fenari was born near Bursa or, according to another view, in Transoxania. His early education was devoted...