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To the Listener of Good Will [Preface to the First Edition] (1739)

Alexander Baumgarten

,

Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten was born in Berlin on 17 June 1714 to Jacob Baumgarten, a Protestant evangelical preacher, and Rosina Elizabeth, née Wiedemannin. After being raised in the pietistic communities of Berlin and later Halle, Baumgarten was among the first to teach the controversial philosophy of Christian Wolff (1769-1764). By order of the king, he moved to Frankfurt on the Order in 1739, where he remained until his death in 1762. While at Frankfurt, Baumgarten wrote his most influential philosophical works: Metaphysics (1739), Philosophical Ethics (1740), and Aesthetics (2 Vols, 1750 & 1757). It is as formulated in these works that the Leibniz-Wolff tradition was chiefly communicated to later German philosophers, including Immanuel Kant. Today Baumgarten is also regarded as a central founder of modern aesthetics. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Courtney D Fugate

Courtney D. Fugate is Associate Professor at the American University of Beirut, Lebanon. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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and

John Hymers

John Hymers is Associate Professor of Philosophy at La Salle University, USA, where he teaches modern philosophy. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Metaphysics : A Critical Translation with Kant’s Elucidations, Selected Notes and Related Materials

Continuum, 2017

eBook

...The preface of the first edition does not bear a title in any of the seven editions. They all, however, indicate it with a running head, “PRAEFATIO” (PREFACE) on all but the first page.Whom better should I address than YOU when custom...

Selected Bibliography

Alexander Baumgarten

,

Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten was born in Berlin on 17 June 1714 to Jacob Baumgarten, a Protestant evangelical preacher, and Rosina Elizabeth, née Wiedemannin. After being raised in the pietistic communities of Berlin and later Halle, Baumgarten was among the first to teach the controversial philosophy of Christian Wolff (1769-1764). By order of the king, he moved to Frankfurt on the Order in 1739, where he remained until his death in 1762. While at Frankfurt, Baumgarten wrote his most influential philosophical works: Metaphysics (1739), Philosophical Ethics (1740), and Aesthetics (2 Vols, 1750 & 1757). It is as formulated in these works that the Leibniz-Wolff tradition was chiefly communicated to later German philosophers, including Immanuel Kant. Today Baumgarten is also regarded as a central founder of modern aesthetics. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

Search for publications

Courtney D Fugate

Courtney D. Fugate is Associate Professor at the American University of Beirut, Lebanon. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

Search for publications
and

John Hymers

John Hymers is Associate Professor of Philosophy at La Salle University, USA, where he teaches modern philosophy. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

Search for publications

Metaphysics : A Critical Translation with Kant’s Elucidations, Selected Notes and Related Materials

Continuum, 2017

eBook

...The following is a list of some of the more recent works in English that make substantial use of Baumgarten’s philosophy. A few less recent but influential ones have also been included. It is not intended by any means to be exhaustive...

Textual Variants

Alexander Baumgarten

,

Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten was born in Berlin on 17 June 1714 to Jacob Baumgarten, a Protestant evangelical preacher, and Rosina Elizabeth, née Wiedemannin. After being raised in the pietistic communities of Berlin and later Halle, Baumgarten was among the first to teach the controversial philosophy of Christian Wolff (1769-1764). By order of the king, he moved to Frankfurt on the Order in 1739, where he remained until his death in 1762. While at Frankfurt, Baumgarten wrote his most influential philosophical works: Metaphysics (1739), Philosophical Ethics (1740), and Aesthetics (2 Vols, 1750 & 1757). It is as formulated in these works that the Leibniz-Wolff tradition was chiefly communicated to later German philosophers, including Immanuel Kant. Today Baumgarten is also regarded as a central founder of modern aesthetics. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

Search for publications

Courtney D Fugate

Courtney D. Fugate is Associate Professor at the American University of Beirut, Lebanon. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

Search for publications
and

John Hymers

John Hymers is Associate Professor of Philosophy at La Salle University, USA, where he teaches modern philosophy. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

Search for publications

Metaphysics : A Critical Translation with Kant’s Elucidations, Selected Notes and Related Materials

Continuum, 2017

eBook

...A key to our notes is found below. If text is only found in one edition, then only the number of that edition is used. If text is introduced and used in subsequent editions, then the first edition in which the text appears is used, followed...

Preface of the Second Edition (1743)

Alexander Baumgarten

,

Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten was born in Berlin on 17 June 1714 to Jacob Baumgarten, a Protestant evangelical preacher, and Rosina Elizabeth, née Wiedemannin. After being raised in the pietistic communities of Berlin and later Halle, Baumgarten was among the first to teach the controversial philosophy of Christian Wolff (1769-1764). By order of the king, he moved to Frankfurt on the Order in 1739, where he remained until his death in 1762. While at Frankfurt, Baumgarten wrote his most influential philosophical works: Metaphysics (1739), Philosophical Ethics (1740), and Aesthetics (2 Vols, 1750 & 1757). It is as formulated in these works that the Leibniz-Wolff tradition was chiefly communicated to later German philosophers, including Immanuel Kant. Today Baumgarten is also regarded as a central founder of modern aesthetics. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

Search for publications

Courtney D Fugate

Courtney D. Fugate is Associate Professor at the American University of Beirut, Lebanon. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

Search for publications
and

John Hymers

John Hymers is Associate Professor of Philosophy at La Salle University, USA, where he teaches modern philosophy. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

Search for publications

Metaphysics : A Critical Translation with Kant’s Elucidations, Selected Notes and Related Materials

Continuum, 2017

eBook

...2: “NEW PREFACE”; 3ff.: “PREFACE OF THE SECOND EDITION”I have had to prepare a second edition of this thin booklet yet again from afar. Although I could now hide behind the excuse that the errors were committed through the oversight...

Notes on this Translation

Alexander Baumgarten

,

Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten was born in Berlin on 17 June 1714 to Jacob Baumgarten, a Protestant evangelical preacher, and Rosina Elizabeth, née Wiedemannin. After being raised in the pietistic communities of Berlin and later Halle, Baumgarten was among the first to teach the controversial philosophy of Christian Wolff (1769-1764). By order of the king, he moved to Frankfurt on the Order in 1739, where he remained until his death in 1762. While at Frankfurt, Baumgarten wrote his most influential philosophical works: Metaphysics (1739), Philosophical Ethics (1740), and Aesthetics (2 Vols, 1750 & 1757). It is as formulated in these works that the Leibniz-Wolff tradition was chiefly communicated to later German philosophers, including Immanuel Kant. Today Baumgarten is also regarded as a central founder of modern aesthetics. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

Search for publications

Courtney D Fugate

Courtney D. Fugate is Associate Professor at the American University of Beirut, Lebanon. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

Search for publications
and

John Hymers

John Hymers is Associate Professor of Philosophy at La Salle University, USA, where he teaches modern philosophy. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

Search for publications

Metaphysics : A Critical Translation with Kant’s Elucidations, Selected Notes and Related Materials

Continuum, 2017

eBook

...The Latin text of the Metaphysics The Latin text of Alexander Baumgarten’s Metaphysics appeared in seven editions, each consisting of precisely 1,000 paragraphs organized into four parts. Baumgarten himself prepared the first four editions,...

Preface of the Third Edition (1750)

Alexander Baumgarten

,

Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten was born in Berlin on 17 June 1714 to Jacob Baumgarten, a Protestant evangelical preacher, and Rosina Elizabeth, née Wiedemannin. After being raised in the pietistic communities of Berlin and later Halle, Baumgarten was among the first to teach the controversial philosophy of Christian Wolff (1769-1764). By order of the king, he moved to Frankfurt on the Order in 1739, where he remained until his death in 1762. While at Frankfurt, Baumgarten wrote his most influential philosophical works: Metaphysics (1739), Philosophical Ethics (1740), and Aesthetics (2 Vols, 1750 & 1757). It is as formulated in these works that the Leibniz-Wolff tradition was chiefly communicated to later German philosophers, including Immanuel Kant. Today Baumgarten is also regarded as a central founder of modern aesthetics. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

Search for publications

Courtney D Fugate

Courtney D. Fugate is Associate Professor at the American University of Beirut, Lebanon. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

Search for publications
and

John Hymers

John Hymers is Associate Professor of Philosophy at La Salle University, USA, where he teaches modern philosophy. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

Search for publications

Metaphysics : A Critical Translation with Kant’s Elucidations, Selected Notes and Related Materials

Continuum, 2017

eBook

...3: “NEW PREFACE”And so, on the chance that you find my words worthwhile, you have before you the third edition of my Metaphysics, which I wrote a decade ago and which I have not permitted to see daylight again without a new set...

Georg Friedrich Meier’s Preface to the First German Translation (1766)

Alexander Baumgarten

,

Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten was born in Berlin on 17 June 1714 to Jacob Baumgarten, a Protestant evangelical preacher, and Rosina Elizabeth, née Wiedemannin. After being raised in the pietistic communities of Berlin and later Halle, Baumgarten was among the first to teach the controversial philosophy of Christian Wolff (1769-1764). By order of the king, he moved to Frankfurt on the Order in 1739, where he remained until his death in 1762. While at Frankfurt, Baumgarten wrote his most influential philosophical works: Metaphysics (1739), Philosophical Ethics (1740), and Aesthetics (2 Vols, 1750 & 1757). It is as formulated in these works that the Leibniz-Wolff tradition was chiefly communicated to later German philosophers, including Immanuel Kant. Today Baumgarten is also regarded as a central founder of modern aesthetics. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

Search for publications

Courtney D Fugate

Courtney D. Fugate is Associate Professor at the American University of Beirut, Lebanon. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

Search for publications
and

John Hymers

John Hymers is Associate Professor of Philosophy at La Salle University, USA, where he teaches modern philosophy. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

Search for publications

Metaphysics : A Critical Translation with Kant’s Elucidations, Selected Notes and Related Materials

Continuum, 2017

eBook

...I have translated this metaphysical work into German merely to facilitate my own lectures on the subject. I have omitted nothing required for presenting beginners with an adequate and complete system of this science so that they, through...

Glossary

Alexander Baumgarten

,

Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten was born in Berlin on 17 June 1714 to Jacob Baumgarten, a Protestant evangelical preacher, and Rosina Elizabeth, née Wiedemannin. After being raised in the pietistic communities of Berlin and later Halle, Baumgarten was among the first to teach the controversial philosophy of Christian Wolff (1769-1764). By order of the king, he moved to Frankfurt on the Order in 1739, where he remained until his death in 1762. While at Frankfurt, Baumgarten wrote his most influential philosophical works: Metaphysics (1739), Philosophical Ethics (1740), and Aesthetics (2 Vols, 1750 & 1757). It is as formulated in these works that the Leibniz-Wolff tradition was chiefly communicated to later German philosophers, including Immanuel Kant. Today Baumgarten is also regarded as a central founder of modern aesthetics. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

Search for publications

Courtney D Fugate

Courtney D. Fugate is Associate Professor at the American University of Beirut, Lebanon. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

Search for publications
and

John Hymers

John Hymers is Associate Professor of Philosophy at La Salle University, USA, where he teaches modern philosophy. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

Search for publications

Metaphysics : A Critical Translation with Kant’s Elucidations, Selected Notes and Related Materials

Continuum, 2017

eBook

...With some exceptions, Latin adjectives are put in masculine singular, and verbs in the infinitive alone. Latin nouns are only given in the nomitive singular (e.g. mens), unless part of an idiomatic expression (e.g. mente capti). English...

Index to the Paragraphs of the Metaphysics

Alexander Baumgarten

,

Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten was born in Berlin on 17 June 1714 to Jacob Baumgarten, a Protestant evangelical preacher, and Rosina Elizabeth, née Wiedemannin. After being raised in the pietistic communities of Berlin and later Halle, Baumgarten was among the first to teach the controversial philosophy of Christian Wolff (1769-1764). By order of the king, he moved to Frankfurt on the Order in 1739, where he remained until his death in 1762. While at Frankfurt, Baumgarten wrote his most influential philosophical works: Metaphysics (1739), Philosophical Ethics (1740), and Aesthetics (2 Vols, 1750 & 1757). It is as formulated in these works that the Leibniz-Wolff tradition was chiefly communicated to later German philosophers, including Immanuel Kant. Today Baumgarten is also regarded as a central founder of modern aesthetics. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

Search for publications

Courtney D Fugate

Courtney D. Fugate is Associate Professor at the American University of Beirut, Lebanon. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

Search for publications
and

John Hymers

John Hymers is Associate Professor of Philosophy at La Salle University, USA, where he teaches modern philosophy. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

Search for publications

Metaphysics : A Critical Translation with Kant’s Elucidations, Selected Notes and Related Materials

Continuum, 2017

eBook

...§223§37§149§529, 636§625, 629, 630, 638§13§338§191, 194, 196, 201§50§210§210, 214, 342, 700, 702, 705, 707, 709, 712, 715, 720, 724, 727, 728, 73l, 744, 766, 783, 789, 897, 901, 902§712, 717, 718, 726§215§714, 727§714, 728, 729§714...

Synopsis

Alexander Baumgarten

,

Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten was born in Berlin on 17 June 1714 to Jacob Baumgarten, a Protestant evangelical preacher, and Rosina Elizabeth, née Wiedemannin. After being raised in the pietistic communities of Berlin and later Halle, Baumgarten was among the first to teach the controversial philosophy of Christian Wolff (1769-1764). By order of the king, he moved to Frankfurt on the Order in 1739, where he remained until his death in 1762. While at Frankfurt, Baumgarten wrote his most influential philosophical works: Metaphysics (1739), Philosophical Ethics (1740), and Aesthetics (2 Vols, 1750 & 1757). It is as formulated in these works that the Leibniz-Wolff tradition was chiefly communicated to later German philosophers, including Immanuel Kant. Today Baumgarten is also regarded as a central founder of modern aesthetics. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

Search for publications

Courtney D Fugate

Courtney D. Fugate is Associate Professor at the American University of Beirut, Lebanon. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

Search for publications
and

John Hymers

John Hymers is Associate Professor of Philosophy at La Salle University, USA, where he teaches modern philosophy. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

Search for publications

Metaphysics : A Critical Translation with Kant’s Elucidations, Selected Notes and Related Materials

Continuum, 2017

eBook

...1: no synopsis: 2ff.: synopsis inserted after preface to the second edition; 3ff.: synopsis follows the preface to the third editionI) Prolegomena to metaphysics (§1–3).II) Treatise.1) Ontology (Part 1).A) Prolegomena to ontology (§4–6).B...